A quick and easy way to detect ground water in semi-arid hard rock areas that also happens to be economical could improve the siting of boreholes to improve clean water supply in the developing world. Details of the approach are outlined in the International Journal of Hydrology Science and Technology in June.
Sreedevi, Dewashish Kumar and Shakeel Ahmed National Geophysical Research
Institute in Hyderabad, India, explain how electrical
conductivity (EC) logs of hard rock terrain recorded before and after the
monsoon season can reveal differences that show where water accumulates most in
subterranean rock fissures. By comparing the data with other geological
measurements and drilling experiments, the team is available to correlate the
EC data with regions of underground water without additional test drilling.
hard rock aquifers relies on hydrology of fractured rock and knowing details of
the subterranean environment. Data is commonly obtained through drilling test
boreholes or investigating underground openings. Such work is hazardous and time-consuming
and does not necessarily reveal the most appropriate site to sink a water well.
However, anomalies in electrical conductivity measurements of which many have
been made in various regions might be useful in finding the most abundant
sources of ground water.
researchers demonstrated how effective the approach might be in correlating
information from 25 boreholes in the Maheshwaram watershed situated in the
Ranga Reddy district of Andhra Pradesh, India, more than 18 miles south of
Hyderabad, covering an area of about 23 square miles. The area is semi-arid
with average annual rainfall of 29.5 inches. The bedrock is mostly granite. The
team points out that, based on the detailed geological and hydrogeological
studies, the aquifer is classified as a two-tier coupled system with weathered
and fractured layers that exist over almost the entire area. However, due to
over-exploitation, the ground water levels have affected the weathered layers,
and ground water flow currently is in the fractured rock aquifer. There are no
rivers feeding the aquifers, so the system relies on the monsoon to for
approach is fast and cost effective and could be very useful as a screening
tool prior to conducting hydraulic testing and water sampling," the team
Electrical Ground Water Detection
June 30, 2011