This is my first published article in National Driller. For the past 11 years, I was the one submitting CETCO’s sales staff’s articles to the magazine; now that my role with the company has changed, I am a contributing writer. My career with CETCO started in September 2001, when I joined the team as a customer service representative. After a short time, I was promoted to sales and marketing manager for the Drilling Products Division. An opportunity to join the sales team was presented to me last year. I was excited about it, but, to be honest, a bit apprehensive at the same time. However, I was presented with an opportunity to try something new, and I did.
Making a career change is one example of trying something new, but there are many opportunities to try something new in all aspects of life. In this article, I would like to talk about trying something new with regard to the way you approach your drilling operations. Many of you have learned how to drill from some of the most important people in your life – your parents. Moreover, they learned from their relatives. Since the time your mentors learned the drilling process, many innovations in drilling fluids, grouts and sealants, and polymers and additives have been developed – and many of these within the last 10 years. If you have not kept up on these innovative products, now would be a good time to investigate them – you will be glad you did.
There is a vast array of drilling products available to handle any type of soil conditions that you may encounter. Drilling fluids should be used as tools to avoid trouble instead of to get you out of it. Some available products are listed below. After all, the best time to buy flood insurance is before it starts to rain.
Drilling FluidsWhy drill in clay with clay? As a colleague of mine put it, “If that clay were any good, we would be selling it!” Drilling fluids manufacturers have developed drilling fluids that are engineered to meet the needs of horizontal or vertical drilling applications. Some of the ultra-high-yielding fluids perform exceptionally well in both drilling orientations.
Polymers and AdditivesSynthetic Polymers – PHPAs (partially-hydrolyzed polyacrylamide), for reactive soils, fine soils
Manufactured in liquid and powdered form, PHPAs can be tailor-made to fit any function. They are viscosifiers, clay and shale inhibitors, lubricants, and borehole stabilizers. These products will make your drilling operation run more smoothly by eliminating clay and shale swelling, bit balling, and stickling problems. These products aid in the formation of a tight, thin filter cake, which will stabilize your boreholes, and ensure integrity in horizontal or vertically drilled boreholes.
Modified Natural Polymers – PACs (polyanionic cellulose), for non-reactive, coarse soils
Manufactured in liquid and powdered form, cellulose polymers primarily are used to control fluid loss and stabilize difficult holes. They are fluid-loss additives, and are added in order to create superior borehole stability.
Natural polymers are materials derived from natural sources, such as plants, animals or microbial fermentation. Many are used in food products as a thickener. Natural polymers can be used as a non-bentonite-based drilling fluid or as an additive to increase suspension qualities of bentonite drilling fluids. Most are biodegradable.
Manufactured in liquid and powdered form, flocculants are designed to lower pH, break emulsions, and remove high levels of suspended solids. Flocculants can be used in polymer slurry and water-filled boreholes. When added into either type, they react instantly to settle suspended solids and decrease turbidity. They work fast for water sampling and down-hole filming.
Clay Inhibitors – For reactive soils
Specially formulated clay inhibitor additives will greatly reduce or eliminate clay cuttings from sticking to each other and to the drilling tools. Swelling in the bore will be reduced or eliminated, and rotation and pullback pressures will be reduced significantly. Clay inhibitors work differently from conventional synthetic polymers in that they actually disrupt the ionic charge/molecular attraction of the clays, causing the clay to break down. Formulations are available for horizontal or vertically drilled boreholes.
Specially Formulated GroutsGround Source Heat Pump Grouting
There are bentonite grouts that are engineered to suspend up to 400 pounds of silica sand. Geothermal grouts have been proven to improve the performance of ground source heat loop applications.
Grounding Rod Issues
These grouts are a high-solids, single-component, organic bentonite grout that are specially formulated to provide a conductive seal around grounding rods. When used to seal drilled boreholes in which vertical grounding rods are placed, the grout increases the grounding system’s conductivity by lowering the resistivity from 300 ohms per meter with normal soil to 0.76 ohms per meter. These grouts adhere to the entire surface of the grounding rod, providing the smallest surface area and, consequently, offering the greatest effective resistance area.
There are many other products available that have not been mentioned here. Check your drilling fluid manufacturer’s website to obtain the most up-to-date product information and offerings. If you cannot find what you are looking for, give the manufacturer a call; it can help you find a product that will work in your particular drilling application and soil conditions.
Lastly, I recently attended a dinner with a CETCO distributor, along with several drillers, and gave a presentation on CETCO products and services, including two recently introduced products. After dinner, I was pleased to hear one of the drillers say to my distributor, “Set me up with those new products.” Now that is a driller who is trying something new.